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Chest. 2004 Oct;126(4):1087-92.

Plasma d-dimer levels correlate with outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Lluis Alcanyis, Crta. Xativa-Silla, Km 2, 46800-Xativa, Spain. querol_jos@gva.es

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of plasma d-dimer levels in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

DESIGN:

Prospective observational study.

SETTING:

Hospital Lluis Alcanyis of Xativa, Spain.

PATIENTS:

Consecutive adult patients admitted to the hospital with CAP from January 2000 to October 2002.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

A total of 302 patients were included. Plasma d-dimer was measured using an automated latex assay. The relationships between plasma d-dimer and prognostic variables included in the pneumonia severity index (PSI) were examined using univariate and multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses. d-Dimer levels were negative (ie, < 500 ng/mL) in 16.9% of the patients. In nonsurvivors, the d-dimer plasma level mean value was 3,786 ng/mL, while in survivors it was 1,609 ng/mL (p < 0.0001). A significant relationship was found between the presence of elevated d-dimer levels and the PSI and APACHE (acute physiology and chronic health evaluation) II score. Elevated d-dimer levels were associated with radiologic pneumonia extension. The d-dimer predictive value for mechanical ventilation therapy showed an area under the curve of 0.78 (95% confidence interval, 0.71 to 0.81).

CONCLUSIONS:

d-Dimer plasma levels could be useful for predicting clinical outcome in patients with CAP.

PMID:
15486368
DOI:
10.1378/chest.126.4.1087
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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