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J Biol Chem. 2004 Dec 24;279(52):54426-37. Epub 2004 Oct 12.

Functional consequences of alterations to Thr247, Pro248, Glu340, Asp813, Arg819, and Arg822 at the interfaces between domain P, M3, and L6-7 of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase. Roles in Ca2+ interaction and phosphoenzyme processing.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Institute of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.


Point mutants with alterations to amino acid residues Thr(247), Pro(248), Glu(340), Asp(813), Arg(819), and Arg(822) of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase were analyzed by transient kinetic measurements. In the Ca(2+)-ATPase crystal structures, most of these residues participate in a hydrogen-bonding network between the phosphorylation domain (domain P), the third transmembrane helix (M3), and the cytoplasmic loop connecting the sixth and the seventh transmembrane helices (L6-7). In several of the mutants, a pronounced phosphorylation "overshoot" was observed upon reaction of the Ca(2+)-bound enzyme with ATP, because of accumulation of dephosphoenzyme at steady state. Mutations of Glu(340) and its partners, Thr(247) and Arg(822), in the bonding network markedly slowed the Ca(2+) binding transition (E2 --> E1 --> Ca(2)E1) as well as Ca(2+) dissociation from Ca(2+) site II back toward the cytosol but did not affect the apparent affinity for vanadate. These mutations may have caused a slowing, in both directions, of the conformational change associated directly with Ca(2+) interaction at Ca(2+) site II. Because mutation of Asp(813) inhibited the Ca(2+) binding transition, but not Ca(2+) dissociation, and increased the apparent affinity for vanadate, the effect on the Ca(2+) binding transition seems in this case to be exerted by slowing the E2 --> E1 conformational change. Because the rate was not significantly enhanced by a 10-fold increase of the Ca(2+) concentration, the slowing is not the consequence of reduced affinity of any pre-binding site for Ca(2+). Furthermore, the mutations interfered in specific ways with the phosphoenzyme processing steps of the transport cycle; the transition from ADP-sensitive phosphoenzyme to ADP-insensitive phosphoenzyme (Ca(2)E1P --> E2P) was accelerated by mutations perturbing the interactions mediated by Glu(340) and Asp(813) and inhibited by mutation of Pro(248), and mutations of Thr(247) induced charge-specific changes of the rate of dephosphorylation of E2P.

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