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J Gen Virol. 2004 Nov;85(Pt 11):3305-12.

Non-invasive testing reveals a high prevalence of simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 antibodies in wild adult chimpanzees of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire.

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Zentrum für Biologische Sicherheit, Robert Koch-Institut, Nordufer 20, 13353 Berlin, Germany.


Little information is available on the prevalence of retrovirus infections in populations of non-human primates living in their natural habitats. To gain such information, methods were developed to detect antibodies to simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (STLV-1) in urine from wild chimpanzees. Samples from more than 74 chimpanzees living in three communities in the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire, were analysed. The prevalence of STLV-1 antibodies in adults and adolescents was significantly higher (35/49, 71.4 %) than that in infant and juvenile chimpanzees (3/31, 9.7 %).

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