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Obes Res. 2004 Sep;12(9):1509-18.

Gene or size: metabolic rate and body temperature in obese growth hormone-deficient dwarf mice.

Author information

1
Animal Physiology, Department of Biology, Karl-von-Frisch Strasse 8, Philipps University Marburg, D-35043 Marburg, Germany. meyerc@staff.uni-marburg.de.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

SMA1 mice carry a missense mutation in the growth hormone gene that leads to semidominant dwarfism and obesity. In this study, the basic thermal and metabolic properties of SMA1 mice were examined to detect metabolic alterations that can support the accretion of excess fat.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

Basal and resting metabolic rates (RMRs) in wild-type and SMA1 (sma1/+ and sma1/sma1) mice were determined by indirect calorimetry. Body temperature (T(b)) was recorded using intraperitoneally implanted temperature-sensitive transmitters, and body composition was determined by DXA.

RESULTS:

SMA1 mice have proportionally lower basal and resting metabolic rates, higher body mass (BM)-specific RMRs, and a higher lower critical temperature, and display a decrease in T(b) by 0.4 degrees C in sma1/+ and 0.9 degrees C in sma1/sma1.

DISCUSSION:

The analysis of gene effects on BM and energy expenditure in mouse mutants must consider the appropriate allometric relationship between BM and metabolic rate. With the exception of T(b), all metabolic alterations observed in SMA1 reflect reduced size.

PMID:
15483216
DOI:
10.1038/oby.2004.188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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