Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Fertil Steril. 2004 Oct;82(4):878-84.

Laparoscopic excision of endometriosis: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Author information

1
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effect on pain and quality of life for women with all stages of endometriosis undergoing laparoscopic surgery compared with placebo surgery.

DESIGN:

A randomized, blinded, crossover study.

SETTING:

A tertiary referral unit in a district general hospital.

PATIENT(S):

Thirty-nine women with histologically proven endometriosis completed the 12-month study.

INTERVENTION(S):

Women were randomized to receive initially either a diagnostic procedure (the delayed surgical group) or full excisional surgery (the immediate surgery group). After 6 months, repeat laparoscopy was performed, with removal of any pathology present.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

The end points were changes from baseline values of visual analogue pain scores, validated quality-of-life instruments (EQ-5D and SF-12), and sexual activity questionnaire scores. Patients and assessors of outcomes were blinded to the treatment-group assignment.

RESULT(S):

Significantly more of the 39 women operated on according to protocol reported symptomatic improvement after excisional surgery than after placebo: 16 of 20 (80%) vs. 6 of 19 (32%); chi(2)(1) = 9.3. Other aspects of quality of life were also significantly improved 6 months after excisional surgery but not after placebo. Progression of disease at second surgery was demonstrated for women having only an initial diagnostic procedure in 45% of cases, with disease remaining static in 33% and improving in 22% of cases. Nonresponsiveness to surgery was reported in 20% of cases.

CONCLUSION(S):

Laparoscopic excision of endometriosis is more effective than placebo at reducing pain and improving quality of life. Surgery is associated with a 30% placebo response rate that is not dependent on severity of disease. Approximately 20% of women do not report an improvement after surgery for endometriosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center