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Clin Liver Dis. 2004 May;8(2):371-85.

Antiviral therapy: nucleotide and nucleoside analogs.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, 521 Parnassus Avenue, Room C-152, Box 0622, San Francisco, CA 94143-0622, USA.


For the management of HBV infection, an increasing number of nucleotide and nucleoside analogs are active against wild-type HBV and some against HBV with YMDD and other compensatory mutations. Table 2 depicts the IC50 and susceptibilities of HBV to various antiviral agents. The dichotomy between in vitro and in vivo susceptibilities to YMDD mutants is due to a change in IC50 between wild-type and mutant virus. Thus a drug may have less activity in vitro but at doses used in vivo show activity against YMDD and other compensatory mutations. Some HBV drugs share activity against HIV, which may be useful in the co-infected patient. Other nucleoside analogs are in various stages of development, including MCC-478 and DAPD. In the future, clinicians will have a plethora of reagents to chose from, and combination therapies may be invoked.

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