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J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2005 Jun;112(6):797-803. Epub 2004 Oct 12.

Correlations between IL-4, IL-12 levels and CCL2, CCL5 levels in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of multiple sclerosis patients.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.


Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Both cytokines and chemokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of MS. The aim of the study was to assess whether cytokine levels are correlated with chemokine levels during a different stage of relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS). The study included 53 patients with RR-MS (20 subjects in stable stage and 18 patients with relapse). By ELISA method, the levels of the interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-12 (IL-12), CCL2 and CCL-5 chemokines were measured both in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of all patients. The serum IL-4 and IL-12 levels and CSF CCL5 level of patients with stable RR-MS were significantly different from the control level and the IL-12 levels were correlated with CCL5 levels in serum. During the relapse, a significant change in chemokine levels both in serum and CSF and IL-12 in CSF were noted, however no correlations were found between cytokines and chemokines.

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