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Immunol Lett. 1992 Jan;31(1):85-90.

Prostaglandin E2 inhibits the release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, rather than interleukin 1 beta, from human macrophages.

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Department of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Dijkzigt, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


We have reported previously that macrophages obtained from renal patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) during an episode of infectious peritonitis display a decrease in intracellular cAMP levels and in spontaneous in vitro release of PGE2 and PGI2. Such macrophages also release large quantities of IL-1 beta and TNF alpha when stimulated in vitro by LPS. In view of the interregulatory effects between PGE2 and macrophage cytokines (IL-1 beta and TNF alpha) in their production, we examined in the present work to what extent the LPS-induced release of either IL-1 beta or TNF alpha in vitro from CAPD-originated peritoneal macrophages is affected by graded doses of exogenous PGE2 (range 0-1000 ng/ml) and by the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (INDO) (10(-6) M). IL-1 beta and TNF alpha were determined using an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay and an immunoradiometric assay, respectively. We found that PGE2 invariably induced a dose-dependent decrease in TNF alpha release. In peritoneal macrophages collected during an infection-free period, TNF alpha release decreased from 3225 pg/ml (controls) to 353 pg/ml at 1000 ng/ml of PGE2, and in peritoneal macrophages collected during an episode of infectious peritonitis, it decreased from 4100 pg/ml (controls) to 545 pg/ml at 100 ng/ml of PGE2. However, PGE2 failed to influence the secretion of IL-1 beta. INDO induced an approx. two-fold increase in TNF alpha release, but had no effect on IL-1 beta release. These findings indicate that exogenous and endogenous PGE2 controls the release of TNF alpha rather than IL-1 beta from LPS-stimulated peritoneal macrophages.

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