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Genitourin Med. 1992 Feb;68(1):39-41.

Urogenital tract infections in pregnancy at King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban, South Africa.

Author information

1
Obstetric Research Group, Faculty of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the role of detecting asymptomatic bacteriuria and endocervical infections in the black prenatal patients attending King Edward VIII Hospital (KEH), Durban, with the view of justifying a screening programme. Screening for syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were also evaluated.

SUBJECTS:

181 asymptomatic black prenatal patients attending the antenatal clinic for their first antenatal visit volunteered for the study and gave their written consent.

DESIGN:

Examination of each prenatal patient included obtaining of endocervical swabs to detect endocervical infections (C trachomatis, N gonorrhoeae), serum for syphilitic and HIV testing, and a midstream specimen of urine for microscopy and culture.

RESULTS:

Asymptomatic bacteriuria was found in 5.6% of patients in this study. Cervical infections were diagnosed microbiologically in 8.2% of women. These were N gonorrhoeae in 4.1% and C trachomatis in 4.7%. Serological tests for sexually transmitted diseases showed the presence of syphilis in 7.6% and antibody to the HIV in 1.9%. Overall, one or more sexually transmitted diseases were found in 16.5% of the women studied.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that all women presenting for routine antenatal care in a setting such as Durban should be screened for lower genital tract infections. Ideally this should include a midstream urine specimen for culture, serum for syphilitic and HIV antibody testing and endocervical swabs for sexually transmitted pathogens. In developing communities, however, more reliable and cheaper methods of endocervical screening need to be available before antenatal screening for cervico-vaginal infections can be justified.

PIP:

This study sought to evaluate the rate of detecting asymptomatic bacteriuria and endocervical infections in the black prenatal patients attending King Edward VIII Hospital (KEH), Durban, with the view of justifying a screening program. Screening for syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were also evaluated. 181 Asymptomatic black prenatal patients volunteered for the study and gave their written consent during their 1st antenatal visit. Each examination included the obtaining of endocervical swabs to detect endocervical infections (C trachomatis. N gonorrheae), serum for syphilitic and HIV testing, and a midstream specimen of urine for microscopy and culture. Asymptomatic bacteriuria was found in 5.6% of the patients in this study. Cervical infections were diagnosed microbiologically in 8.2% of the women: 4.1% with N gonorrheae and 4.7% with C trachomatis. Serological tests for sexually transmitted diseases showed the presence of syphilis in 7.6% and antibody to HIV in 1.9%. Overall, 1 or more sexually transmitted diseases were found in 16.5% of the women studied. This study suggests that all women who present for routine antenatal care in a setting such as Durban should be screened for lower genital tract infections. Ideally, this should include a midstream urine specimen for culture, serum for syphilitic and HIV antibody testing, and endocervical swabs for sexually transmitted pathogens. In developing countries, however, more reliable and cheaper methods of endocervical screening are necessary before antenatal screening for cervicovaginal infections can be justified.

PMID:
1548010
PMCID:
PMC1194796
DOI:
10.1136/sti.68.1.39
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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