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Gene. 1992 Feb 1;111(1):85-92.

The yeast cyclophilin multigene family: purification, cloning and characterization of a new isoform.

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Department of Gene Expression Sciences, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, King of Prussia, PA 19406.


Cyclophilins (Cyps) constitute a highly conserved family of proteins present in a wide variety of organisms. Historically, Cyps were first identified by their ability to bind the immunosuppressive agent cyclosporin A (CsA) with high affinity; they later were found to have peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) activity, which catalyzes the folding of oligopeptides at proline-peptide bonds in vitro and may be important for protein folding in vivo. Cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae contain at least two distinct Cyp-related PPIases encoded by the genes CYP1 and CYP2. A yeast strain (GL81) containing genomic disruptions of three known yeast PPIase-encoding genes [CYP1, CYP2 and RBP1 (for rapamycin-binding protein); Koltin et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 11 (1991) 1718-1723] was previously constructed and found to be viable. Soluble fractions of these cells possess residual CsA-sensitive PPIase activity (2-5% of that present in wild-type cells as assayed in vitro). We have purified an approx. 18-kDa protein exhibiting PPIase activity from a soluble fraction of GL81 cells and determined that its N-terminal amino acid (aa) sequence exhibits significant homology (but nonidentity) to the Cyp1 and Cyp2 proteins. We designate the gene for this new protein, CYP3. Using a degenerate oligodeoxyribonucleotide (oligo) based on the N-terminal aa sequence, plus an internal oligo homologous to a conserved region within the portion of CYP1 and CYP2 that had been deleted in the genome, a CYP3-specific DNA fragment was generated by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using GL81 genomic DNA as a substrate. This PCR fragment was used as a probe to isolate CYP3 genomic and cDNA clones.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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