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Traffic. 2004 Nov;5(11):838-46.

Association of Cdc42/N-WASP/Arp2/3 signaling pathway with Golgi membranes.

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Departament de Biologia Cellular i Anatomia Patològica, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona-IDIBAPS, 08036 Barcelona, Spain.


Recent findings indicate that Cdc42 regulates Golgi-to-ER (endoplasmic reticulum) protein transport through N-WASP and Arp2/3 (Luna et al. 2002, Mol. Biol. Cell, 13:866-879). To analyse the components of the Cdc42-governed signaling pathway in the secretory pathway, we localized Cdc42, N-WASP and Arp2/3 in the Golgi complex by cryoimmunoelectron microscopy. Cdc42 is found throughout the Golgi stack, particularly in cis/middle cisternae, whereas N-WASP and Arp3 (a component of the Arp2/3 complex) are restricted to cis cisternae. Arp3 also colocalized in peri-Golgi tubulovesicular structures with either KDEL receptor or GM130. Even though Arp3 is not found in TGN46-positive cisternal elements, a small fraction of Arp3-labeled tubulo-vesicular elements showed TGN46 labeling. Active Cdc42 (GTP-bound form) induced relocation of N-WASP and Arp3 to the lateral rims of Golgi cisternae. These results show that the actin nucleation and polymerization signaling pathway governed by Cdc42/N-WASP/Arp operates in the Golgi complex of mammalian cells, further implicating actin dynamics in Golgi-associated membrane trafficking.

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