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Clin Genet. 2004 Nov;66(5):445-51.

Attitudes and beliefs concerning prostate cancer genetic screening.

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  • 1Department of Family and Geriatric Medicine, Institute of Bioethics, Public Policy and Law, University of Louisville, KY 40202, USA. david.doukas@louisville.edu

Abstract

This quantitative study determines the values, beliefs, and attitudes influencing the intention of men to undergo or defer genetic testing for prostate cancer risk using a model based on components of the Theory of Reasoned Action and Health Belief Model. Telephone interviews of a community sample of 400 men in a large, East Coast metropolitan area of diverse educational, ethnic, and age backgrounds were conducted to rank key values and beliefs about genetic testing for prostate cancer risk in anticipation of its future availability. Descriptive statistics, univariate analyses, and logistic regression were used in data analysis. The factors of values attached to consequences, motivation from self, beliefs in benefits, and a motivation to comply with others (borderline) were statistically significant for testing intention. Of all demographics, only increased education was associated with diminished interest in testing. Desire to be tested varied widely across groups of men. Based on these identified values, health professionals can better understand men's values and beliefs on the risks and benefits of testing. The relationship of men to others, family and society, require further investigation in this and other aspects of genetic testing.

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