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Eur J Immunol. 1992 Mar;22(3):711-7.

Ly-1 B (B-1) cells are the main source of B cell-derived interleukin 10.

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DNAX Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA 94304.


We have previously reported (O'Garra, A. et al., Int. Immunol. 1990, 2:821) that murine B lymphomas and purified normal peritoneal B cells produce interleukin (IL) 10. We now show that this production of IL 10 B cells correlates with the presence of Ly-1 (B-1) B cells, in both normal and diseased mice. Using a semi-quantitative modification of the polymerase chain reaction, we show that IL 10 expression is detectable in peritoneal B cells but only becomes apparent in splenic B cells of aged mice of which a high proportion are Ly-1+. Furthermore, the expression of IL 10 is constitutive in splenic B cells from mice carrying the Ly-1+ BCL1 lymphoma. Since IL 10 is a potent regulator of in vitro immune function, its production by Ly-1 lineage B (B-1) cells raises the possibility that this subset of B cells may regulate their own development and/or the function of other immunocompetent cells.

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