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Peptides. 2004 Oct;25(10):1803-8.

Genetic variations at urotensin II and urotensin II receptor genes and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Japanese.

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Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai 980-8574, Japan.


Urotensin II is among the most potent vasoactive hormones known and the urotensin II (UTS2) gene is localized to 1p36-p32, one of the regions reported to show possible linkage with type 2 diabetes in Japanese. When we surveyed genetic polymorphisms in the UTS2 and urotensin II receptor (GPR14) gene, we identified two SNPs with amino acid substitutions (designated T21M and S89N and an SNP in the promotor region (-605G>A) of the UTS2 gene, and two SNPs in the non-coding region of the GPR14 gene. We then studied these three SNPs in the UTS2 gene and two SNPs in the GPR14 gene in 152 Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and two control Japanese populations. The allele frequency of 89N was significantly higher in type 2 diabetic patients than in both elderly normal subjects (P = 0.0018) and subjects with normal glucose tolerance (P = 0.0011), whereas the allele frequency of T21M and -605G>A in the UTS2 gene and those of two SNPs in the GPR14 gene were essentially identical in these three groups. Furthermore, in the subjects with normal glucose tolerance, 89N was associated with significantly higher insulin levels on oral glucose tolerance test, suggesting reduced insulin sensitivity in subjects with 89N. These results strongly suggest that subjects with S89N in the UTS2 gene are more insulin-resistant and thus more susceptible to type 2 diabetes mellitus development.

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