Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Epidemiology. 2004 Nov;15(6):762-6.

Emotional stress and traffic accidents: the impact of separation and divorce.

Author information

1
INSERM U88, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France. emmanuel.lagarde@st-maurice.inserm.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Personal responses to stressful life events are suspected of increasing the risk of serious traffic accidents.

METHODS:

We analyzed data from a French cohort study (the GAZEL cohort), including a retrospective driving behavior questionnaire, from 13,915 participants (10,542 men age 52-62 years and 3373 women age 47-62 years in 2001). Follow-up data covered 1993-2000. Hazard ratios for serious accidents (n = 713) were computed by Cox's proportional hazard regression with time-dependent covariates. Separate analyses were also performed to consider only at-fault accidents.

RESULTS:

Marital separation or divorce was associated with an increased risk of a serious accident (all serious accidents: hazard ratio 2.9, 95% confidence interval = 1.7-5.0; at-fault accidents: 4.4, 2.3-8.3). The impact of separation and divorce did not differ according to alcohol consumption levels. Other life events associated with increased risk of serious accident were a child leaving home (all accidents: 1.2, 0.97-1.6; at-fault accidents: 1.5, 1.1-2.1), an important purchase (all accidents: 1.4, 1.1-1.7; at-fault accidents: 1.6, 1.2-2.1), and hospitalization of the partner (all accidents: 1.4, 1.1-2.0).

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that recent separation and divorce are associated with an increase in serious traffic accidents.

PMID:
15475727
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center