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Genomics. 2004 Oct;84(4):696-706.

High-resolution comparative mapping between human chromosomes 4 and 8 and bovine chromosome 27 provides genes and segments serving as positional candidates for udder health in cattle.

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Research Unit Molecular Biology, Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals (FBN), D-18196 Dummerstorf, Germany.


To get more information about the order of genes located in Bos taurus (BTA) chromosome 27 segments, supposed to harbor loci influencing clinical mastitis and somatic cell count, and to identify genes that serve as positional candidates for the mentioned traits, we constructed a high-resolution, comparative, and comprehensive gene map for BTA27. The map includes 57 loci in a 5000-rad cattle-hamster whole genome radiation hybrid panel supported by 50 syntenic assignments in a cattle-murine somatic hybrid cell panel. Thirty-eight new loci (36 genes, 2 microsatellites) together with repeated mappings of 5 genes and 7 microsatellites and integration of existing data from 7 microsatellites were used to generate a comprehensive RH5000 map. The RH map, constructed at lod score criterion 8 using the software RHMAP v.3.0, consisted of three linkage groups 23, 22, and 590 cR5000 in length. Gene assignments on BTA27 and the localization of 8 more genes on BTA8 and BTA14 previously predicted on BTA8/BTA27 and BTA14/BTA27 narrowed down significantly the chromosome break points between the three cattle chromosomes and segments on Homo sapiens chromosomes HSA4 and HSA8. Defined evolutionary break points increase the accuracy of comparative in silico mapping of further human genes in conserved chromosome segments of BTA27.

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