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Exp Cell Res. 2004 Nov 1;300(2):455-62.

Nox1 regulates apoptosis and potentially stimulates branching morphogenesis in sinusoidal endothelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0071, Japan.


Tubulogenic transformation of a nontubulogenic endothelial cell line NP31 by a constitutively activated form of the Flt-1 kinase (NP31/kinase) was accompanied by an increased expression of Nox1 by sixfold over NP31. Overexpression of Nox1 in NP31 cells (NP31/Nox1) stimulated branching morphogenesis in Matrigel but surprisingly cords lacked a lumen. The branching morphogenesis by NP31/kinase and NP31/Nox1 cells was blocked either by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) or Tiron. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-dependent sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC) in primary culture showed fivefold increase in Nox1 expression 4 days after VEGF stimulation. Interestingly, VEGF-resistant apoptosis in SEC at day 7 was inhibited by NAC or by anti-Nox1 siRNA. These results suggest that Nox1 regulates apoptosis in SEC and can potentially stimulate branching morphogenesis in SEC-derived NP 31 cells.

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