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Med Mycol. 2004 Aug;42(4):385-9.

Ergosterol gene expression in wild-type and ergosterol-deficient mutants of Candida albicans.

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Department of Biology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.


The ergosterol pathway is the major target of the azole antifungals. We have developed a panel of five viable ergosterol biosynthetic mutants (erg2, erg3, erg6, erg11 and erg24) and have performed Northern analyses to study transcriptional regulation using probes to four ergosterol biosynthetic genes (ERG2, ERG7, ERG11 and ERG25), as well as probes to two additional genes encoding ergosterol cytochrome coenzymes (CYB5 and NCP1). ERG11, which encodes the sterol 14-demethylase, the direct target of the azole antifungals, was the most up-regulated gene followed by ERG7 and ERG25. Transcription of the four ergosterol genes was most up-regulated in erg24 and erg6 mutant backgrounds, deficient in C-14 reductase and the C-24 sterol transmethylase, respectively. Unexpectedly, we also found that the two cytochrome genes, CYB5 encoding cytochrome b5 and NCP1 encoding the cytochrome P450 reductase, were not regulated markedly different from wild-type in the erg2, erg3, erg6, erg11 and erg24 strains of Candida albicans.

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