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Dev Med Child Neurol. 2004 Oct;46(10):661-6.

Association between visual perceptual deficits and motor deficits in children with developmental coordination disorder.

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Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Belgium.


This study explored the relation between a motor-free visual perceptual deficit, different visual-motor integration deficits, and different motor skills in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Thirty-six children (22 males), aged 9 or 10 years, with DCD and a control group (n=36), matched for age and sex, were assessed with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC), a ball-catching test, a jumping test, a timed response task to a visual moving stimulus, and the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration, incorporating copying, visual discrimination, and tracing tasks. Children with DCD performed significantly worse than the control group on all measures. The visual discrimination task did not correlate significantly with any of the motor tasks. The visual timing task correlated significantly with the ball-catching test in the DCD group. The copying test was significantly correlated with the MABC in the DCD group. The association between visual-perceptual deficits and motor tasks was shown to be task specific.

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