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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Feb;288(2):H936-45. Epub 2004 Oct 7.

Integrin mechanotransduction stimulates caveolin-1 phosphorylation and recruitment of Csk to mediate actin reorganization.

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Center for Cardiovascular Science, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, USA.


To identify the role of caveolin-1 in integrin mechanotransduction, we exposed bovine aortic endothelial cells to 10 dyn/cm2 of laminar shear stress. Caveolin-1 was acutely and transiently phosphorylated with shear, occurring downstream of beta1-integrin activation as the beta1-integrin blocking antibody JB1A was inhibitory. In manipulating Src family kinase (SFK) activity with knockdown of Csk or type 1 protein phosphatase (PP1) treatment, we observed coordinate increase and decrease in shear-induced caveolin-1 phosphorylation, respectively. Hence, shear-stimulated caveolin-1 phosphorylation is regulated by SFKs. Shear-induced recruitment and phosphorylation of caveolin-1 occurred at beta1-integrin sites in a beta1-integrin- and SFK-dependent manner. Csk, described to interact with pY14-caveolin-1 and integrins, bound to an increased pool of phosphorylated caveolin-1 after shear corresponding with elevated Csk at beta1-integrin sites. Like caveolin-1, treatment with JB1A and PP1 attenuated shear-induced Csk association with beta1-integrins. Csk function was assayed with transfection of a caveolin-1 phosphorylation domain peptide. The peptide attenuated shear-induced association of Csk at beta1-integrin sites, as well as colocalization of Csk with paxillin and phosphorylated caveolin-1. Because integrin and Csk activity regulate cytoskeletal reorganization, we evaluated the role of this mechanism in shear-induced myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation. Knockdown of Csk expression was sufficient to reduce MLC diphosphorylation due to shear. Disruption of Csk-integrin association by peptide treatment was also inhibitory of the MLC diphosphorylation response. Together these data indicate that integrin activation with shear stress results in SFK-regulated caveolin-1 phosphorylation that, in turn, mediates Csk association at integrin sites, where it plays a role in downstream, shear-stimulated MLC diphosphorylation.

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