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Endocrinology. 2005 Jan;146(1):441-9. Epub 2004 Oct 7.

Pdx-1 is not sufficient for repression of proglucagon gene transcription in islet or enteroendocrine cells.

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Department of Medicine, Toronto General Hospital, Banting and Best Diabetes Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Pdx-1 plays a key role in the development of the pancreas and the control of islet gene transcription and has also been proposed as a dominant regulator of the alpha- vs. beta-cell phenotype via extinction of proglucagon expression. To ascertain the relationship between Pdx-1 and proglucagon gene expression, we examined the effect of enhanced pdx-1 expression on proglucagon gene expression in murine islet alphaTC-1 and GLUTag enteroendocrine cells. Although adenoviral transduction increased the levels of pdx-1 mRNA transcripts and nuclear Pdx-1 protein, overexpression of pdx-1 did not repress endogenous proglucagon gene expression in alphaTC-1 or GLUTag cells or murine islets. Immunohistochemical analysis of cells transduced with Ad-pdx-1 demonstrated multiple individual islet or enteroendocrine cells exhibiting both nuclear Pdx-1 and cytoplasmic glucagon-like peptide-1 immunopositivity. The failure of pdx-1 to inhibit endogenous proglucagon gene expression was not attributable to defects in Pdx-1 nuclear translocation or DNA binding as demonstrated using Western blotting and EMSA analyses. Furthermore, Ad-pdx-1 transduction did not repress proglucagon promoter activity in alphaTC-1 or GLUTag cells. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that pdx-1 alone is not sufficient for specification of the hormonal phenotype or extinction of proglucagon gene expression in islet or enteroendocrine cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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