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Cogn Behav Ther. 2004;33(3):143-50.

Manual-based cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome: therapists' adherence and perceptions.

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The Netherlands Fatigue Research Group Nijmegen, Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


Several randomized controlled trials have indicated that cognitive behaviour therapy is an effective treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. In 1 of these studies 13 therapists applied cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome in 83 chronic fatigue syndrome patients. In the present study therapists' adherence and perceptions of the manual are studied. Following completion of the study the therapists were asked to complete a questionnaire. Audiotaped sessions were conducted to verify the therapists' adherence. Analyses of the audiotapes showed that in 87% of the sessions this appeared to be the case. The questionnaire revealed that the therapists found it more difficult to treat patients with chronic fatigue syndrome than to treat patients with psychological or other physical problems. Treatment aspects posing the most problems were integrating individual problems into the standardized treatment, dealing with the patients' lack of confidence in the treatment and handling insufficient motivation.

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