Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Surgery. 2004 Oct;136(4):738-47.

Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in the gastric bypass patient: do we achieve therapeutic levels?

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Medical College of Winsconsin, Milwaukee, 53226, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Perioperative surgical antibiotic prophylaxis requires that therapeutically effective drug concentrations be present in the tissues.

METHODS:

Patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity were given 2 g cefazolin preoperatively, followed by a second dose at 3 hours. Thirty-eight patients were each assigned to 1 of 3 body mass index (BMI) groups: (A) BMI=40-49 (N = 17); (B) BMI=50-59 (N=11); (C) BMI > or= 60 (N=10). Multiple timed serum (baseline; incision, 15, 30, 60 minutes; prior to second prophylactic dose; and closure) and tissue (skin, subcutaneous fat, and omentum) specimens were collected and cefazolin concentration analyzed by microbiological assay.

RESULTS:

No significant difference was observed in intraoperative fluid replacement or blood loss among BMI groups. Serum antimicrobial concentrations exceeded resistance breakpoint (32 microg/mL) in 73%, 68%, and 52% of BMI groups A, B, and C, respectively. No significant difference in cefazolin concentration was observed in mean incisional skin and closure tissue specimens in groups A, B, and C. A significant decrease in cefazolin concentration was noted in closure adipose (p=.04), initial (p=.03) and closure omentum (p=.05) tissues in groups B and C compared with A. Over 90% of serum samples exhibited therapeutic concentrations covering 53.8% of gram-positive and 78.6% of gram-negative surgical pathogens. However, therapeutic tissue levels were achieved in only 48.1%, 28.6%, and 10.2% of groups A, B, and C, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pharmacokinetic analysis suggests that present dosing strategies may fail to provide adequate perioperative prophylaxis in gastric bypass patients.

PMID:
15467657
DOI:
10.1016/j.surg.2004.06.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center