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Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2004 Nov;82(3):171-7.

Memory systems of the brain: a brief history and current perspective.

Author information

1
Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA. lsquire@ucsd.edu

Abstract

The idea that memory is composed of distinct systems has a long history but became a topic of experimental inquiry only after the middle of the 20th century. Beginning about 1980, evidence from normal subjects, amnesic patients, and experimental animals converged on the view that a fundamental distinction could be drawn between a kind of memory that is accessible to conscious recollection and another kind that is not. Subsequent work shifted thinking beyond dichotomies to a view, grounded in biology, that memory is composed of multiple separate systems supported, for example, by the hippocampus and related structures, the amygdala, the neostriatum, and the cerebellum. This article traces the development of these ideas and provides a current perspective on how these brain systems operate to support behavior.

PMID:
15464402
DOI:
10.1016/j.nlm.2004.06.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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