Send to

Choose Destination
Parasitol Today. 1986 Dec;2(12):334-9.

Epidemiology of reindeer parasites.

Author information

Department of Ecology, Institute of Biology and Geology, University of Tromsø, N-9001 Tromsø, Norway.


Every Christmas we sing about Rudolph the red-nosed Reindeer, but do we give much thought to why his nose is red? The general consensus is that Rudolf has caught a cold, but as far as I know no proper diagnosis has been made of his abnormal condition. I think that, rather than having a cold, Rudolf is suffering from a parasitic infection of his respiratory system. To some this may seem a bit far-fetched as one would not expect an animal living with Santa Claus at the North Pole to be plagued by parasites, but I shall show otherwise.


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center