Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genes Cells. 2004 Oct;9(10):905-17.

DNA topoisomerase II is required for the G0-to-S phase transition in Drosophila Schneider cells, but not in yeast.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Developmental Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3-1, 7-Chome, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.

Abstract

We previously reported that DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) is required for the G(0)-to-S phase transition in mammalian cells [Hossain et al. (2002) ICRF-193, a catalytic inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II, inhibits re-entry into the cell division cycle from quiescent state in mammalian cells. Genes Cells 7, 285-294]. In this study, we examined whether the requirement for topo II is evolutionarily conserved in Drosophila and yeast. ICRF-193, a catalytic inhibitor of topo II, inhibited DNA synthesis in Drosophila Schneider cells released from the G(0) (stationary) phase, whereas the drug did not inhibit DNA synthesis in Schneider cells released from the M phase. Depletion of topo II mRNA by RNA-interference (RNAi) in G(0)-phase Schneider cells resulted in significant inhibition of DNA synthesis after release from G(0)-arrest. In the yeast topo II temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant, the initial cycle of DNA synthesis occurred at a restrictive temperature after release from starvation-induced G(0) phase and doubling of the DNA content in the cells was confirmed by both flow cytometry and fluorescence spectrophotometry. DNA synthesis in yeast cells after release from the G(0) phase was also observed in the presence of ICRF-193. Doubling of the DNA content was observed during spore germination of topo II ts mutant yeast at a restrictive temperature as determined by fluorescence spectrophotometry. These results indicate that topo II is required for the G(0)-to-S phase transition in Drosophila Schneider cells, but not in yeast.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center