Send to

Choose Destination
J Chromatogr A. 2004 Aug 27;1047(2):165-74.

High pH-resistant, surface-bonded sol-gel titania hybrid organic-inorganic coating for effective on-line hyphenation of capillary microextraction (in-tube solid-phase microextraction) with high-performance liquid chromatography.

Author information

Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620-5250, USA.


Sol-gel titania-poly(dimethylsiloxane) (TiO2-PDMS) coating was developed for capillary microextraction (CME) to perform on-line preconcentration and HPLC analysis of trace impurities in aqueous samples. A method is presented describing in situ preparation of the titania-based sol-gel PDMS coating and its immobilization on the inner surface of a fused silica microextraction capillary. To perform CME-HPLC, the sol-gel TiO2-PDMS capillary was installed in the HPLC injection port as an external sampling loop, and a conventional ODS column was used for the liquid chromatographic separation. The target analytes were extracted on-line by passing the aqueous sample through this sampling loop. The sol-gel titania-PDMS coated capillaries were used for on-line extraction and HPLC analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, ketones, and alkylbenzenes. The extracted analytes were then transferred to the HPLC column using an organic-rich mobile phase followed by HPLC separation via gradient elution. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the use of sol-gel titania-based organic-inorganic material as a sorbent in capillary microextraction. The newly developed sol-gel titania-based CME coatings demonstrated excellent pH stability and enhanced extraction capability over the commercial GC coatings that are conventionally used for the same purpose. Extraction characteristics of a sol-gel titania-PDMS capillary remained practically unchanged after continuous rinsing with a 0.1 M NaOH solution (pH 13) for 12h.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center