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Nat Rev Immunol. 2004 Oct;4(10):812-23.

Immune responses to Listeria monocytogenes.

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Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Immunology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1275 York Avenue, New York, New York 10021, USA.


Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacterium that is often used to study the mammalian immune response to infection because it is easy to culture, is relatively safe to work with and causes a highly predictable infection in laboratory mice. The broad application of this mouse model has resulted in a torrent of studies characterizing the contributions of different cytokines, receptors, adaptors and effector molecules to resistance against infection with Listeria monocytogenes. These studies, which are yielding one of the most comprehensive pictures of the 'battle' between host and microorganism, are reviewed here.

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