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Br J Psychiatry. 2004 Oct;185:328-33.

Post-traumatic stress after terrorist attack: psychological reactions following the US embassy bombing in Nairobi: Naturalistic study.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Upper Hill Medical Centre, Nairobi, Kenya.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Most studies of post-traumatic stress disorder following terrorist attacks are of small samples in industrialised nations and take place months or years after the incident.

AIMS:

To describe reactions following the US embassy bombing in Nairobi and the characteristic features of and risk factors for post-traumatic stress symptoms in a large, non-Western sample soon after the attack.

METHOD:

A self-report questionnaire which assessed potential risk factors and identified symptoms matching DSM-IV criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder was answered by 2883 Kenyans, 1-3 months after the bombing.

RESULTS:

Symptoms approximating to the criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder occurred in 35%. Factors associated with post-traumatic stress included female gender, unmarried status, lack of college education, seeing the blast, injury, not recovering from injury, not confiding in a friend, bereavement and financial difficulty since the blast. Many other factors were not significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

Specific factors often cited to predict marked short-term post-traumatic stress were confirmed in this large, non-Western sample.

PMID:
15458993
DOI:
10.1192/bjp.185.4.328
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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