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Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct;104(4):837-44.

Safety and adverse effects associated with raloxifene: multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation.

Author information

1
University of California-San Francisco, 1634 Divisadero Street, Suite 600, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA. dgrady@itsa.ucsf.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effect of raloxifene on major adverse events that occur with postmenopausal estrogen therapy or tamoxifen.

METHODS:

The Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation, a multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial, enrolled 7,705 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Women were randomly assigned to raloxifene 60 mg/d or 120 mg/d or placebo. Outcomes included venous thromboembolism, cataracts, gallbladder disease, and endometrial hyperplasia or cancer.

RESULTS:

During a mean follow-up of 3.3 years, raloxifene was associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolism (relative risk [RR] 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-3.8). The excess event rate was 1.8 per 1,000 woman-years (95% CI -0.5-4.1), and the number needed to treat to cause 1 event was 170 (95% CI 100-582) over 3.3 years. Risk in the raloxifene group was higher than in the placebo group for the first 2 years, but decreased to about the same rate as in the placebo group thereafter. Raloxifene did not increase risk for cataracts (RR 0.9; 95% CI 0.8-1.1), gallbladder disease (RR 1.0; 95% CI 0.7-1.3), endometrial hyperplasia (RR 1.3; 95% CI 0.4-5.1), or endometrial cancer (RR 0.9; 95% CI 0.3-2.7).

CONCLUSION:

Raloxifene was associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolism, but there was no increased risk for cataracts, gallbladder disease, endometrial hyperplasia, or endometrial cancer.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

I

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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