Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Appetite. 2004 Oct;43(2):207-10.

Chewing gum can produce context-dependent effects upon memory.

Author information

  • 1School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff, Wales CF10 3YG, UK.


Two experiments examined whether chewing spearmint gum can affect the initial learning or subsequent recall of a word list. Comparing those participants in Experiment 1 who chewed gum at the learning or the recall phases showed that chewing gum at initial learning was associated with superior recall. In addition, chewing gum led to context-dependent effects as a switch between gum and no gum (or no gum and gum) between learning and recall led to poorer performance. Experiment 2 provided evidence that sucking gum was sufficient to induce some of the same effects as chewing.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center