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Structure. 2004 Oct;12(10):1799-807.

Flipping the switch from monomeric to dimeric CV-N has little effect on antiviral activity.

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Laboratory of Chemical Physics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Cyanovirin-N can exist in solution in monomeric and domain-swapped dimeric forms, with HIV-antiviral activity being reported for both. Here we present results for CV-N variants that form stable solution dimers: the obligate dimer [DeltaQ50]CV-N and the preferential dimer [S52P]CV-N. These variants exhibit comparable DeltaG values (10.6 +/- 0.5 and 9.4 +/- 0.5 kcal.mol(-1), respectively), similar to that of stabilized, monomeric [P51G]CV-N (9.8 +/- 0.5 kcal.mol(-1)), but significantly higher than wild-type CV-N (4.1 +/- 0.2 kcal.mol(-1)). During folding/unfolding, no stably folded monomer was observed under any condition for the obligate dimer [DeltaQ50]CV-N, whereas two monomeric, metastable species were detected for [S52P]CV-N at low concentrations. This is in contrast to our previous results for [P51G]CV-N and wild-type CV-N, for which the dimeric forms were found to be the metastable species. The dimeric mutants exhibit comparable antiviral activity against HIV and Ebola, similar to that of wild-type CV-N and the stabilized [P51G]CV-N variant.

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