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Kidney Int. 2004 Oct;66(4):1493-502.

Spironolactone prevents early renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

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1
Divisions of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical School, Minamikawachi, Tochigi, Japan. genrfjs@attglobal.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury leads to chronic impairment of renal function, and thus, reversal of the injury may improve renal function and survival. The present study investigated whether and how mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist spironolactone ameliorates early renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

METHODS:

Streptozotocin (65 mg/kg, single intraperitoneal injection)- or vehicle-administered rats were used as diabetic or control rats, respectively. The streptozotocin-administered rats were treated with spironolactone (50 mg/kg/day sc) for 3 weeks. Among the 3 groups of rats, we compared renal fibrosis and renal hypertrophy, using picro-sirius red staining and immunohistochemistry of ED-1 macrophage marker, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1.

RESULTS:

Three weeks after administration of streptozotocin, rats exhibited increased collagen deposition in glomerular, tubulointerstitial, and perivascular areas in the kidney, which was completely attenuated by spironolactone treatment. In rats given streptozotocin alone, there were increases in ED-1-positive cell, PAI-1 expression, and TGF-beta1 expression in glomeruli and tubulointerstitiums, which were also suppressed by spironolactone treatment. Maximal glomerular and proximal tubular areas were not significantly different among the 3 groups. Rats given streptozotocin alone revealed an increase in proximal tubule wall-to-lumen ratio that was not influenced by treatment with spironolactone.

CONCLUSION:

Streptozotocin-induced renal fibrosis, PAI-1 expression, TGF-beta1 expression, and macrophage infiltration occur via mineralocorticoid receptor, and spironolactone ameliorates renal fibrosis presumably via the inhibition of macrophage infiltration, PAI-1 expression, and TGF-beta1 expression in streptozotocin-induced early diabetic injury.

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