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Mol Microbiol. 2004 Oct;54(1):278-85.

PprA: a novel protein from Deinococcus radiodurans that stimulates DNA ligation.

Author information

1
Research Group for Biotechnology Development, Department of Ion-beam-applied Biology, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Takasaki 370-1292, Japan. narumi@taka.jaeri.go.jp

Abstract

The extraordinary radiation resistance of Deinococcus radiodurans results from the efficient capacity of the bacterium to repair DNA double-strand breaks. By analysing the DNA damage repair-deficient mutant, KH311, a unique radiation-inducible gene (designated pprA) responsible for loss of radiation resistance was identified. Investigations in vitro showed that the gene product of pprA (PprA) preferentially bound to double-stranded DNA carrying strand breaks, inhibited Escherichia coli exonuclease III activity, and stimulated the DNA end-joining reaction catalysed by ATP-dependent and NAD-dependent DNA ligases. These results suggest that D. radiodurans has a radiation-induced non-homologous end-joining repair mechanism in which PprA plays a critical role.

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