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Biochem J. 2005 Feb 1;385(Pt 3):795-802.

Direct control of caveolin-1 expression by FOXO transcription factors.

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Laboratory of Physiological Chemistry and Centre for Biomedical Genetics, University Medical Center Utrecht, Stratenum, Universiteitsweg 100, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Protein kinase B can phoshorylate and thereby inactivate the FOXO (forkhead box O) family of transcription factors. When active, FOXO factors can bind to DNA in promoter sequences and subsequently regulate gene expression. We have used DNA microarray analysis to identify potential gene targets of FOXO. In the present study we demonstrate that caveolin-1 is directly controlled by FOXO. Firstly, caveolin-1 expression was increased upon induction or over-expression of FOXO factors at both mRNA and protein levels. Second, we show that endogenous regulation of FOXO activity regulates caveolin-1 levels and that this can be inhibited by dominant-negative FOXO. Third, FOXO activates transcription from the caveolin-1 promoter, and using chromatin immunoprecipitations we demonstrated that this activation occurs via direct interaction of FOXO with the promoter. Finally, we demonstrate FOXO-mediated attenuation of EGF (epidermal growth factor)-induced signalling, which in part is mediated by caveolin-1 expression, as suggested by previous studies [Park, Park, Cho, Kim, Ko, Seo and Park (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 20847-20852]. These findings suggest a novel mechanism by which FOXO factors can exert their cellular effects via transcriptional activation of caveolin-1.

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