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Biotechnol Prog. 2004 Sep-Oct;20(5):1599-604.

Increasing the acetyl-CoA pool in the presence of overexpressed phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase or pyruvate carboxylase enhances succinate production in Escherichia coli.

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1
Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA.

Abstract

An in vivo strategy to apply the activation effect of acetyl-CoA on phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and pyruvate carboxylase (PYC) to increase succinate production in Escherichia coli was studied. This approach relies on the increased intracellular acetyl-CoA and CoA levels by overexpressing E. coli pantothenate kinase (PANK). The results showed that coexpression of PANK and PEPC, and PANK and PYC, did improve succinate production compared to the individual expression of PEPC and PYC, respectively. The intracellular acetyl-CoA and CoA levels were also measured, and each showed a significant increase when the PANK was overexpressed. Another effect observed was a decrease in lactate production. The least amount of lactate was produced when PANK and PEPC, and PANK and PYC, were coexpressed. This result showed increased competitiveness of the succinate pathway at the phosphoenolpyruvate and pyruvate nodes for the carbon flux, as a result reducing the carbon flux toward the lactate pathway. The study also demonstrates a feasible method for metabolic engineering to modulate enzyme activity in vivo through specific activators and inhibitors.

PMID:
15458351
DOI:
10.1021/bp049843a
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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