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Magn Reson Imaging. 1992;10(1):97-108.

Quantitative dependence of MR signal intensity on tissue concentration of Gd(HP-DO3A) in the nephrectomized rat.

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Contrast Media Department, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, New Brunswick, NJ 08903-0191.


Cardiac-gated SE 20/224 +/- 20 MR images were obtained from nephrectomized rats before and after intravenously administering 153Gd-Gd(HP-DO3A). The concentration of Gd, [Gd], was linear in dose in myocardium, skeletal muscle, and blood. Under steady-state conditions, where d[Gd]/dt = 0, image intensities (IIN) in regions of interest were compared with the measured [Gd]. IIN was linear in myocardium at less than or equal to 0.61 mumol/g-myocardium (less than or equal to 0.5 mmol/kg dose) and in skeletal muscle at less than or equal to 0.63 mumol/g-muscle (less than or equal to 0.75 mmol/kg). Above 0.6 mumol Gd/g-tissue, IIN did not increase further. The in vivo data were consistent with measured ex vivo and in vivo relaxivities. A 29% greater slope for IIN versus [Gd] in myocardium [14,439 +/- 4350 IIN (mumol/g)] than in muscle [10,258 +/- 5,296 IIN/(mumol/g)] was attributed to a significant difference in blood content: 25% versus 2% weight blood in myocardium and skeletal muscle, respectively. Two components were apparent from plots of ex vivo 1/T1 versus [Gd] in myocardium and muscle, and only one for blood.

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