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J Neurophysiol. 2005 Jan;93(1):557-69. Epub 2004 Sep 29.

Response properties of single auditory nerve fibers in the mouse.

Author information

1
Eaton-Peabody Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, 243 Charles St., Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Abstract

The availability of transgenic and mutant lines makes the mouse a valuable model for study of the inner ear, and a powerful window into cochlear function can be obtained by recordings from single auditory nerve (AN) fibers. This study provides the first systematic description of spontaneous and sound-evoked discharge properties of AN fibers in mouse, specifically in CBA/CaJ and C57BL/6 strains, both commonly used in auditory research. Response properties of 196 AN fibers from CBA/CaJ and 58 from C57BL/6 were analyzed, including spontaneous rates (SR), tuning curves, rate versus level functions, dynamic range, response adaptation, phase-locking, and the relation between SR and these response properties. The only significant interstrain difference was the elevation of high-frequency thresholds in C57BL/6. In general, mouse AN fibers showed similar responses to other mammals: sharpness of tuning increased with characteristic frequency, which ranged from 2.5 to 70 kHz; SRs ranged from 0 to 120 sp/s, and fibers with low SR (<1 sp/s) had higher thresholds, and wider dynamic ranges than fibers with high SR. Dynamic ranges for mouse high-SR fibers were smaller (<20 dB) than those seen in other mammals. Phase-locking was seen for tone frequencies <4 kHz. Maximum synchronization indices were lower than those in cat but similar to those found in guinea pig.

PMID:
15456804
DOI:
10.1152/jn.00574.2004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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