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J Insect Sci. 2001;1:1. Epub 2001 Feb 2.

A single gene (yes) controls pigmentation of eyes and scales in Heliothis virescens.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Biochemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA. tbrown@msu.edu

Abstract

A yellow-eyed mutant was discovered in a strain of Heliothis virescens, the tobacco budworm, that already exhibited a mutation for yellow scale, y. We investigated the inheritance of these visible mutations as candidate markers for transgenesis. Yellow eye was controlled by a single, recessive, autosomal factor, the same type of inheritance previously known for y. Presence of the recombinant mutants with yellow scales and wild type eyes in test crosses indicated independent segregation of genes for these traits. The recombinant class with wild type scales and yellow eyes was completely absent and there was a corresponding increase of the double mutant parental class having yellow scales and yellow eyes. These results indicated that a single factor for yellow eye also controlled yellow scales independently of y. This gene was named yes, for yellow eye and scale. We hypothesize that yes controls both eye and scale color through a deficiency in transport of pigment precursors in both the ommochrome and melanin pathways. The unlinked gene y likely controls an enzyme affecting the melanin pathway only. Both y and yes segregated independently of AceIn, acetylcholinesterase insensitivity, and sodium channel hscp, which are genes related to insecticide resistance.

PMID:
15455061
PMCID:
PMC355885
DOI:
10.1673/031.001.1301
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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