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Life Sci. 2004 Oct 29;75(24):2853-66.

Protective effects of SP600125 a new inhibitor of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) in an experimental model of cerulein-induced pancreatitis.

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Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Pharmacology, Section of Pharmacology, University of Messina AOU G. Martino Torre Biologica 5th floor, Via Consolare Valeria, Gazzi 98100, Messina, Italy.


Extracellular regulated kinases (ERK1/2) and c-Jun N-terminal Kinases (JNK), are generally considered to play a key role in signal transduction pathways activated by a wide range of stimuli. We studied the effects of SP600125, a novel inhibitor of both JNK and ERK1/2, in male C57/BL6 mice given with an hyper-stimulating dose of cerulein (50 microg/kg for each of four injections at hourly intervals) to elicit secretagogue-induced pancreatitis. A control group received four intra-peritoneal injections of 0.9% saline at hourly intervals. Animals were randomized to receive either SP600125 (15 mg/kg i.p. administered 2 h before and 30 min after the first injection of cerulein) or its vehicle (1 ml/kg of a 10% DMSO/NaCl solution). A group of animals was killed 30 minutes after the last cerulein injection to evaluate pancreatic JNK and ERK1/2 activation by Western Blot analysis. Another group was sacrificed 2 hours after the last cerulein injection to evaluate serum lipase and amylase levels, pancreas oedema, pancreatic content of Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and the histological alterations. SP600125 inhibited almost totally JNK activation (90%) and partially ERK1/2 activation (45%), reduced the serum lipase and amylase levels and the degree of oedema, blunted the increased pancreatic content of TNF-alpha and ICAM-1 and protected against the histological damage. Our data confirm that both JNK and ERK1/2 activation plays a key role in acute pancreatitis and that SP600125 may represent a potential therapeutic approach to the treatment of patients at high risk of developing this life-threatening condition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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