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Biologicals. 2004 Jun;32(2):88-93.

Evaluation of the bacterial endotoxin test for quantification of endotoxin contamination of porcine vaccines.

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National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, 1-15-1, Tokura, Kokubunji, Tokyo 185-8511, Japan.


We investigated the application of the bacterial endotoxin test for the quantification of the endotoxin contamination of various commercial porcine vaccines. In endotoxin-spiked samples, Freund's complete adjuvant and aluminum hydroxide gel adjuvant failed to interfere with the results of the endotoxin test, and both recovery ratios were within the permissible range mentioned in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia. At the various dilutions tested, none of the adjuvants in commercial porcine vaccines caused noteworthy interference in the test. In addition, none of the 39 samples of porcine vaccines approved in Japan induced an interfering effect in the endotoxin test. Our findings suggest that the bacterial endotoxin test using endotoxin-specific Limulus amoebocyte lysate (LAL) can detect endotoxin contamination in commercial porcine vaccines containing either oil or aluminum adjuvants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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