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Int Immunopharmacol. 2004 Dec 15;4(13):1697-707.

Para-Bromophenacyl bromide alleviates airway hyperresponsiveness and modulates cytokines, IgE and eosinophil levels in ovalbumin-sensitized and -challenged mice.

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Molecular Immunology and Immunogenetics Laboratory, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Mall Road, Delhi-110007, India.


Airway hyperresponsiveness, airway eosinophilia and increased IgE levels in serum are the important characteristic features of asthma. We evaluated the potential of para-Bromophenacyl bromide (PBPB), a known phospholipase A(2) inhibitor, on allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in a mouse model. We sensitized and challenged mice with ovalbumin (OVA) to develop airway hyperresponsiveness as assessed by airway constriction and airway hyperreactivity (AHR) to methacholine (MCh) induced by allergen. The mice were orally treated with PBPB (0.1, 1 and 10 mg/kg) during or after OVA-sensitization and OVA-challenge to evaluate its protective or reversal effect on airway constriction and AHR to MCh. Determination of OVA-induced airway constriction and AHR to MCh were performed by measuring specific airway conductance (SGaw) using non-invasive dual-chamber whole body-plethysmography. We observed that PBPB (1 mg/kg) significantly reduced OVA-induced airway constriction and AHR to MCh (p<0.01). PBPB (1 mg/kg) treatment significantly inhibited PLA(2) activity in the BAL fluid. Cytokine analysis of the BAL fluid revealed that PBPB caused an increase in interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) (p<0.02) and a decrease in interleukin-4 (IL-4) (p<0.05) and interleukin-5 (IL-5) (p<0.05) levels. The OVA-specific serum IgE levels (p<0.01) and the BAL eosinophils (p<0.001) were also reduced significantly. Thus, PBPB is capable of modulating allergen induced cytokine levels and serum IgE levels, and alleviating allergen induced airway hyperresponsiveness and eosinophils in mice. These data suggest that PBPB could be useful in the development of novel agents for the treatment of allergen induced airway hyperresponsiveness.

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