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Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2004 Jul;39(4):316-9.

[Heterotopic chondrogenesis of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells loading on alginate gel].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China School of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.



To isolate and chondro-inductive culture of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells and to study their heterotopic chondrogenesis by loading them on alginate gel.


Liposuction human adipose tissues were minced and digested with collagenase type I. The obtained stromal cells were primarily cultured in BGJb medium for ten days. Secondary harvested cells were cultured in DMEM-F12 medium supplemented with 10%FBS, 6.25 mg/L insulin, 10 mg/L TGF-beta1, 50 mg/L of freshly prepared L-ascorbate for 14 days. After in vitro assay of chondrogenic phenotypes, the cells at density of 10(10)/L were mixed with 1.2% alginate sodium and 102 mmol/L CaCl(2). The cross-linking cell-alginate gel were injected into four BALB/C athymic mice subcutaneously (1 ml for each mouse). Meanwhile, the auto-controls were set by injecting equal dose of simple alginate gel and pure cells in two opposite buttocks of the same mouse subcutaneously. Two mice were sacrificed at fourth and eighth week postoperatively and all samples were removed, fixed, embedded in paraffin and cut into sections of 5 micro m thick. HE staining, Alcian blue and modified Masson's trichrome staining were employed to observe chondrogenesis histologically.


Alcian blue and immunocytochemical staining revealed chondroitin sulfate and collagen II in cell matrix after having been chondro-inductive cultured for 14 days. At intervals of fourth and eighth week, heterotopic chondrogenesis is (cartilage formed) within cell-alginate injected sites were found in all mice but negatively in auto-controls. Histologically the hypertrophic chondrocytes were among cartilage matrix in different staining. All alginate gel and solitory cells absorbed within two to three weeks postoperatively in auto-controls.


It seems that stromal cells derived from human adipose tissue presents a potential for chondrogenic differentiation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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