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J Biol Chem. 2004 Dec 10;279(50):52069-74. Epub 2004 Sep 26.

The histone chaperone Asf1p mediates global chromatin disassembly in vivo.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center at Fitzsimons, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA.

Abstract

The packaging of the eukaryotic genome into chromatin is likely to be mediated by chromatin assembly factors, including histone chaperones. We investigated the function of the histone H3/H4 chaperones anti-silencing function 1 (Asf1p) and chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1) in vivo. Analysis of chromatin structure by accessibility to micrococcal nuclease and DNase I digestion demonstrated that the chromatin from CAF-1 mutant yeast has increased accessibility to these enzymes. In agreement, the supercoiling of the endogenous 2mu plasmid is reduced in yeast lacking CAF-1. These results indicate that CAF-1 mutant yeast globally under-assemble their genome into chromatin, consistent with a role for CAF-1 in chromatin assembly in vivo. By contrast, asf1 mutants globally over-assemble their genome into chromatin, as suggested by decreased accessibility of their chromatin to micrococcal nuclease and DNase I digestion and increased supercoiling of the endogenous 2mu plasmid. Deletion of ASF1 causes a striking loss of acetylation on histone H3 lysine 9, but this is not responsible for the altered chromatin structure in asf1 mutants. These data indicate that Asf1p may have a global role in chromatin disassembly and an unexpected role in histone acetylation in vivo.

PMID:
15452122
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M406113200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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