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Hypertension. 2004 Nov;44(5):758-63. Epub 2004 Sep 27.

Fluvastatin enhances the inhibitory effects of a selective AT1 receptor blocker, valsartan, on atherosclerosis.

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1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Ehime University School of Medicine, Shigenobu, Onsen-gun, Ehime, Japan.

Abstract

We investigated the effects of a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin) on the inhibitory effects of an angiotensin II type-1 receptor (AT1) blocker on atherosclerosis and explored cellular mechanisms. We gave apolipoprotein E null mice a high-cholesterol diet for 10 weeks and measured atherosclerotic plaque area and lipid deposition. Neither 1 mg/kg per day of valsartan nor 3 mg/kg per day of fluvastatin had any effect on blood pressure or cholesterol concentration; however, both drugs decreased plaque area and lipid deposition after 10 weeks. We then reduced the doses of both drugs to 0.1 mg/kg per day and 1 mg/kg per day, respectively. At these doses, neither drug had an effect on atherosclerotic lesions. When both drugs were combined at these doses, a significant reduction in atherosclerotic lesions was observed. Similar inhibitory effects of valsartan or fluvastatin on the expressions of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide/nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase subunits p22phox and p47phox, production of superoxide anion, the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression were observed. These results suggest that concomitant AT1 receptor and cholesterol biosynthesis blockade, particularly when given concomitantly, blunts oxidative stress and inflammation independent of blood pressure or cholesterol-related effects.

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