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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1992 Jan;83(1):101-6.

Clinicopathological significance of nuclear accumulation of tumor suppressor gene p53 product in primary lung cancer.

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Pathology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo.


Since the nuclear accumulation of p53 protein is known to correspond well with mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, the authors examined 88 primary lung cancer specimens immunohistochemically using anti-p53 mouse monoclonal antibody, pAb1801, and analyzed the relationship between the immunohistochemical results and clinicopathological features. Nuclear localization of p53 protein was found in 43/88 (49%) tumor specimens, but not in the corresponding normal lung tissues. The percentage of cases showing nuclear p53 localization varied according to the histological type. In squamous cell carcinoma, nuclear p53 localization was found in 15/26 (57%), appearing more frequently than in other histologic types. However, no obvious correlation was observed between nuclear p53 localization and patients' age, sex, history of smoking, TNM factor, degree of differentiation, or any other clinicopathological features analyzed. In adenocarcinoma, nuclear p53 localization was found in 20/46 (43%). Incidence of positive cases was significantly correlated with regional lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and pathological stage (P less than 0.05). These results indicate that mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene plays an important role in the development of primary lung cancer, and that nuclear accumulation of p53 protein is a potential prognostic factor in adenocarcinoma of the lung.

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