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J Endod. 2004 Oct;30(10):704-7.

Induction of vascular endothelial growth factor gene expression by proinflammatory cytokines in human pulp and gingival fibroblasts.

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1
Chungtai Institute of Health Sciences and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) enhances the permeability of blood vessels, which is an important vascular change observed during inflammatory processes. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of proinflammatory cytokines on the expression of VEGF mRNA gene in human pulp and gingival fibroblasts. Interlukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were used to evaluate VEGF mRNA gene expression in human pulp and gingival fibroblasts. The levels of mRNAs were measured by quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis. Both IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha induced significantly high levels of VEGF mRNA gene expression in human pulp and gingival fibroblasts (p < 0.05). In addition, TNF-alpha was found to be more effective in the induction of VEGF mRNA gene expression in pulp than gingival fibroblasts (p < 0.05). Moreover, IL-1alpha was found to be more effective in the induction of VEGF mRNA gene expression than TNF-alpha in gingival fibroblast cultures (p < 0.05). These results indicate that proinflammatory cytokines can induce VEGF mRNA gene expression, and such an effect may partially contribute to the destruction of pulpal and periapical tissues through promoting expansion of the vascular network coincident to progression of the inflammation.

PMID:
15448463
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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