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Clin Cancer Res. 2004 Sep 15;10(18 Pt 1):6239-47.

Reversal of the malignant phenotype of gastric cancer cells by inhibition of RhoA expression and activity.

Author information

1
Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, Peoples Republic of China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The small GTPase RhoA has been implicated in the regulation of cell morphology, motility, and transformation, but the role of RhoA protein in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer remains unclear. In the present study, we have analyzed the expression status of the RhoA protein in human gastric cancer cells and tissues and investigated the possible involvement of RhoA in regulating the malignant phenotype of gastric cancer cells.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

RhoA expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines. The RhoA-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) vector was designed and constructed. We examined the role of RhoA in the malignant phenotype of gastric cancer cells by using siRNA knockdown and dominant-negative RhoA mutant suppression of endogenous RhoA activity.

RESULTS:

RhoA was found frequently overexpressed in gastric cancer tissues and cells compared with normal tissues or gastric epithelial cells. RhoA-specific siRNA could specifically and stably reduce RhoA expression up to 90% in AGS cells. Both RhoA-specific siRNA and dominant-negative RhoA expressions could significantly inhibit the proliferation and tumorigenicity of AGS cells and enhance chemosensitivity of the cancer cells to Adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil.

CONCLUSION:

RhoA may play a critical role in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer, and the interference of RhoA expression and/or activity could provide a novel avenue in reversing the malignant phenotype of gastric cancer cells.

PMID:
15448013
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-04-0242
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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