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Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Oct;99(10):2012-8.

Phenotypic characteristics and risk of cancer development in hyperplastic polyposis: case series and literature review.

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Department of Prevention and Outreach, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, 2000 Circle of Hope, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.



Hyperplastic polyposis (HP) is a poorly understood condition. The aim of this study is to describe the phenotype and the risk of cancer in HP.


Patients with HP, as defined by the WHO International Classification, were identified through the University of Utah and the Huntsman Cancer Institute databases. Family history was retrieved when possible.


Fifteen patients were identified (10 M, 5 F) with a mean age at diagnosis of 52.6 +/- 16.4 yr (18-71). Sixty-five colonoscopies were performed (2-11 per person). A median of 90 polyps (16-210) per person and 15 polyps (range, 0-100) per procedure were reported. The median follow-up was 33 months (3-133); no cancer occurred during this period. Polyps were more frequent in the distal than the proximal colon (74%vs 26%; p < 0.001). The median polyp size was 4 mm (1-40 mm). Fifty-one hyperplastic polyps >10 mm were identified in 10 patients (38 proximal, 13 distal; p= 0.089). Forty-eight adenomas were found in 11 patients and were uniformly distributed. Serrated adenomas (n = 3) were found in one patient. A unique patient had 20 large hyperplastic polyps, 24 adenomas, 3 serrated adenomas, and 118 hyperplastic polyps. None of the patients had a first-degree relative with colon cancer.


In HP, hyperplastic polyps are more frequently distal colonic, and vary greatly in size and number. Most patients also develop adenomas that are distributed throughout the colon. No cancers developed within 3 yr of follow-up. Colonoscopic surveillance at intervals of 1-3 yr, depending upon the number and size of both adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps, appears prudent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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