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Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2004 Sep;95(3):131-8.

Protective effects of vitamin A and vitamin E succinate against 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced body wasting, hepatomegaly, thymic atrophy, production of reactive oxygen species and DNA damage in C57BL/6J mice.

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1
Creighton University Medical Center, School of Pharmacy & Health Professions, Department of Pharmacy Sciences, Omaha, NE 68178, USA. nalshari@creighton.edu

Abstract

The protective effect of vitamin A and vitamin E succinate against 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced acute toxicity and measures of oxidative stress was studied. Ten mice were treated with either vitamin A (50 mg/kg every other day for eight days) or vitamin E succiante (150 mg/kg/day followed by a dose of 40 mg/kg/day for five additional days). Half of each of the above groups of animals received TCDD on day 4. Five mice received corn oil or TCDD alone. After five days of TCDD treatment, antioxidant combination treatment with vitamin A and TCDD or vitamin E succinate and TCDD resulted in a significant reduction in indicators of acute toxicity including the decrease in total body and thymus weight as compared to TCDD alone (P<0.05). The combination treatment produced also a significant reduction in the increase in liver weight as compared to TCDD only (P<0.05). Following one day of treatment with 50 microg TCDD/kg, vitamin A and vitamin E succinate produced a significant decrease in the production of superoxide anion by peritoneal lavage cells (P<0.05) and in DNA-single strand breaks in the same cells (P<0.05) as assessed by the reduction of cytochrome c and the alkaline elution technique, respectively. A significant decrease in DNA-single strand breaks in peritoneal lavage cells was observed following 5 days treatment with 50 microg TCDD/kg (P<0.05). The results indicate a potential role for oxidative stress in the acute toxicity of TCDD and a protective effect for vitamin A and vitamin E succinate in the overall toxicity of TCDD including measures of oxidative stress.

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